To understand the chemical phenomena that underlie the metal–support interactions is crucial to the rational design of stable single-atom catalysts. Gold catalysts can exhibit a very high low-temperature activity for the oxidation of carbon monoxide and can be selective in the presence of hydrogen. It discusses the CO oxidation reaction at high temperature together with reflections on hydrocarbon total oxidation and the reduction of nitric oxide by carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons. The practical means to achieve high-temperature stability are discussed together with options for enhancing the catalytic activity of gold, based on the extensive amount of work which has now been recorded for low-temperature operations.

Here, we present some of the latest concepts, designs and applications in CH4 mitigation, identifying a number of abatement synergies across multiple industries and sectors. We also propose novel ways to manipulate cutting-edge technology approaches for even more effective mitigation potential. The goal of this review is to stimulate the ongoing quest for and uptake of practicable CH4 mitigation options; supplementing established and proven approaches with immature yet potentially high-impact technologies. There has arguably never been, and if we don’t act soon nor will there be, a better opportunity to combat climate change’s second most significant greenhouse gas. This is in agreement with TPR results reported for similar catalysts where CuO reduction to Cu2O occurs at 420 K while Cu2O reduction to Cu occurs at 460 K. 172 Group 10 metals supported on silica generally had higher dispersion and smaller NP size compared to group 11 metals.

The calculated surface relaxations and adsorption geometry are in agreement with available experimental … The fields of gene regulation by antisense and antigene agents and the therapeutic use of oligonucleotides in general are developing at a rapid pace. The present status of this research and the various approaches are briefly reviewed. Specific attention is given to the role of metal ions in these processes and in particular to the potential usefulness of platinum amine complexes as …

Transition metals and their compounds function as catalysts either because of their ability to change oxidation state or, in the case of the metals, to adsorb other substances on to their surface and activate them in the process. Platinum, palladium, and rhodium have a D-Orbital electron structure on the surface of their atoms which encourages the temporary sticking of other molecules. When other molecules stick, the overall electron cloud is changed in shape allowing the stuck molecules to rearrange into new compounds.

It is believed that because of the complex nature of deposits, a convincing identification of porphyrin structures in coke on the spent catalysts from hydroprocessing of heavy feeds would be a rather challenging task. A novel CFCl2CF2Cl/H2 gas treatment process was proposed and successfully applied for the redispersion of a sintered alloy PdCu/AC catalyst. The redispersion process was initiated by the formation of an oxidative PdCuClx intermediate, which can easily migrate to a nearby catalyst surface and then be reduced to smaller PdCu NPs.

The Pd/ZrO2 and Pt/ZrO2 NPs were analyzed via SEM and EDX, while the study of indigo disulfonate dye degradation was carried out by UV/VIS spectrophotometer. The SEM micrographs illustrated that the Pd and Pt NPs were well placed on ZrO2 surface. The Pd/ZrO2 and Pt/ZrO2 do fungi have chloroplasts NPs were also employed as photocatalysts for the photodegradation of indigo disulfonate in an aqueous medium under UV-light irradiation. The photodegradation study presented that Pd/ZrO2 and Pt/ZrO2 NPs degraded 96 and 94% of indigo disulfonate in 14 h, respectively.