PC1 and PC2 are connected to the Fa0/1 and Fa0/2 ports of the SW1 switch, respectively. SW1 is connected through its Fa0/3 port to the Fa0/0 interface of the RT1 router. RT1 is connected through its Fa0/1 to the Fa0/2 port of SW2 switch. If no device responds to the ARP request, then the originating node will broadcast the data packet to all devices on the network segment. How is a DHCPDISCOVER transmitted on a network to reach a DHCP server?

Due to the management overhead in statically defining all network adaptors’ MAC address on every router and AP, this solution is rarely implemented. Operation—This 2-byte field identifies the ARP message’s intent. For example, an ARP request (“Who has this IPv4 address?”) has the operation value of 1 and a reply value of 2. An ARP request is cum rocket coin sent to all devices on the Ethernet LAN and contains the IP address of the destination host and its multicast MAC address. It will send an ARP request for the MAC address of the destination device. When a host is encapsulating a packet into a frame, it refers to the MAC address table to determine the mapping of IP addresses to MAC addresses.

When the DHCP Request goes to the DHCP server from the system, it offers the IP address as broadcast. But the question is sometimes the DHCP server uses the ARP request before offering the IP address to the client. As we’ve learned before, the Address Resolution Protocol is the process by which a known L3 address is mapped to an unknown L2 address. … If a host is speaking to another host on the same IP network, the target for the ARP request is the other host’s IP address. It broadcasts the frame out of all ports on the switch.

Usually, it’s the target’s MAC address that needs to be found with the ARP process. And as we have already seen, the ARP message can end with a variable number of trailing zeros. A DHCPDISCOVER message is sent with the IP address of the default gateway as the destination address.

Source and the MAC address of host B as the destination. Destination devices reassemble messages and pass them to an application. The TCP/IP network access layer has similar functions to the OSI network layer. They are received and processed by every device on the local network.

If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. The network layer depends on the data link layer to set the MTU, and adjusts the speed of transmission to accommodate it. It will send an ARP request for the MAC address of the default gateway. 2.Destination IP addresses in a packet header remain constant along the entire path to a target host. 2.The data link layer uses LLC to communicate with the upper layers of the protocol suite.